Por que não lembramos do futuro? Essa pergunta faz parte de discussões de física teórica sobre a flecha do tempo, viagens no espaço-tempo que poderiam violar causalidade, um universo imaginado pelo cérebro de Boltzmann etc.
A física não sabe porque o passado é diferente do futuro, uma vez que todas as leis conhecidas da física moderna podem funcionar do futuro para o passado de maneira similar ao do passado para o futuro.
O escritor tem uma resposta antrópica:
Somos a memória que temos, sem memória não saberíamos quem somos.
Ao final das contas, a discussão cai sobre o tempo. Qual é a sua natureza e significado?
A FQXi Community promoveu um concurso de ensaios sobre a natureza do tempo. Foram escolhidos e classificados 24 ensaios. Além dos ensaios premiados, destaco o da nossa colega do blog Theorema Egregium
On the Nature of Time – Or Why Does Nature Abhor Deadlocks?
By Christine Córdula Dantas
This essay aims at introducing a novel point of view on the nature of time, inspired by a synthesis of three seemingly unrelated concepts: Bergson’s notion of duration, Dijkstra’s notion of concurrency, and Mach’s notion of inertia.
Vejam os primeiros classificados do concurso da FQXi Communit:
The Nature of Time
By Julian Barbour
A review of some basic facts of classical dynamics shows that time, or precisely duration, is redundant as a fundamental concept. Duration and the behaviour of clocks emerge from a timeless law that governs change.
Does Time Exist in Quantum Gravity?
By Claus Kiefer
Time is absolute in standard quantum theory and dynamical in general relativity. The combination of both theories into a theory of quantum gravity leads therefore to a ‘problem of time’. In my essay I shall investigate those consequences for the concept of time that may be drawn without a detailed knowledge of quantum gravity. The only assumptions are the experimentally supported universality of the linear structure of quantum theory and the recovery of general relativity in the classical limit. Among the consequences are the fundamental timelessness of quantum gravity, the approximate nature of a semiclassical time, and the correlation of entropy with the size of the Universe.
What if Time Really Exists?
By Sean Carroll
Despite the obvious utility of the concept, it has often been argued that time does not exist. I take the opposite perspective: let’s imagine that time does exist, and the universe is described by a quantum state obeying ordinary time-dependent quantum mechanics. Reconciling this simple picture with the known facts about our universe turns out to be a non-trivial task, but by taking it seriously we can infer deep facts about the fundamental nature of reality. The arrow of time finds a plausible explanation in a “Heraclitean universe,” described by a quantum state eternally evolving in an infinite-dimensional Hilbert space.
By Carlo Rovelli
Following a line of research that I have developed for several years, I argue that the best strategy for understanding quantum gravity is to build a picture of the physical world where the notion of time plays no role at all. I summarize here this point of view, explaining why I think that in a fundamental description of nature we must “forget time”, and how this can be done in the classical and in the quantum theory. The idea is to develop a formalism that treats dependent and independent variables on the same footing. In short, I propose to interpret mechanics as a theory of relations between variables, rather than the theory of the evolution of variables in time.
The Flow of Time*
By George F. R. Ellis
By Rodolfo Gambini & Jorge Pullin
Electron time, mass and zitter
By David Hestenes
de Broglie’s original idea that the electron has an internal clock has recently received experimental confirmation by measuring the period of the clock in an electron channeling experiment. This result has been explained by a new model of the electron, called the zitter model because it incorporates Schroedinger’s qualitative zitterbewegung concept into a fully specified interacting particle model. The zitter electron is a lightlike charged particle with intrinsic spin that maintains it in a helical spacetime path, with curvature and frequency determined by the electron mass. Thus, electron mass is fully reduced to clock frequency in electron motion. This essay discusses details of the model and its implications.